Ha Long Bay Environmental Pollution Study, Viet Nam

Quang Ninh Department of Science, Technology and Environment / World Bank

Ha Long Bay is a world heritage site in northern Viet Nam, and is one of the country’s richest areas for potential development due to its great natural beauty and physical characteristics. However, the area is suffering from increasing pollution due to industrial and urban development, coal mining, and tourism. ESSA was engaged by the Quang Ninh Department of Science, Technology and Environment (DOSTE) to:

  1. identify principal land-based sources of water pollution and the ecological carrying capacity of Ha Long Bay;
  2. prepare an appropriate strategy and priority programs to control water pollution given the need for development of Ha Long City; and
  3. through training and technology transfer, develop the capacity of the Quang Ninh DOSTE to implement the pollution abatement strategy and programs developed in the project.

The work also included the development of a computerised pollution source database, a hydrodynamic-water quality model used to assess carrying capacity, training for DOSTE staff in maintaining the database and running the model, and short and long-term pollution abatement action plans.