Terrestrial Ecosystem Sciences

Publications

Provencher, L., T. Forbis, L. Frid and G. Medlyn. 2007. Comparing alternative management strategies of fire, grazing, and weed control using spatial modeling. Ecological Modelling 209: 249-263.
[Abstract - off site]

Reinhardt, E.D. and N.L. Crookston (technical editors). 2007. The Fire and Fuels Extension to the Forest Vegetation Simulator – 2007 Addendum. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-116. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 208 pp.
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Forbis, T.A., L. Provencher, L. Frid, and G. Medlyn. 2006. Great Basin land management planning using ecological modeling. 38(1):62-83.
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Robinson, D.C.E and B.W. Geils. 2006. Modelling dwarf mistletoe at three scales: life history, ballistics and contagion. Ecological Modelling 199:23-28. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2006.06.07.
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Merzenich, J. and L. Frid. 2005. Projecting Landscape Conditions in Southern Utah Using VDDT. In: M. Bevers and T.M. Barrett (comps.). 2005. Systems Analysis in Forest Resources: Proceedings of the 2003 Symposium; October 7-9, Stevenson, WA. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-656. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. pp. 157-163.
[PDF - 315 kb]

Shlisky, A.J., R.P. Guyette and K.C. Ryan. 2005. Modeling reference conditions to restore altered fire regimes in oak-hickory-pine forests: validating coarse models with local fire history data. EastFire Conference Proceedings. George Mason University , Fairfax , VA. May 12-13, 2005.
[PDF - 66 kb]

Muir, J.A., D.C.E. Robinson and B.W. Geils. 2004. Characterizing the effects of dwarf mistletoe and other diseases for sustainable forest management. BC Journal of Ecosystems and Management 3(2):88-94.
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Beukema, S.J., W.A. Kurz, W. Klenner, J. Merzenich and M. Arbaugh. 2003. Modeling reference conditions to restore altered fire regimes in oak-hickory-pine forests: validating coarse models with local fire history data. In: G.J. Arthaud and T.M. Barrett (eds.). Systems Analysis in Forest Resources. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 145-154.
[PDF - 200 kb]

Merzenich, J., W.A. Kurz, S. Beukema, M. Arbaugh, and S. Schilling. 2003. Modeling reference conditions to restore altered fire regimes in oak-hickory-pine forests: validating coarse models with local fire history data. In: G.J. Arthaud and T.M. Barrett (eds.). Systems Analysis in Forest Resources. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 47-59.
[PDF - 200 kb]

Reinhardt, E.D. and N.L. Crookston (technical editors). 2003. The Fire and Fuels Extension to the Forest Vegetation Simulator. Gen.Tech Rep. RMRS-GTR-116. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 209 pp.
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Greenough, J.A., S.J. Beukema, D.C.E. Robinson, W.A. Kurz, N. Densmore, R. Winter and B. Snowdon. 2002. Prognosis EI: A detailed watershed-level environmental indicators model . pp.122-125. In: N.L Crookston, and R.N. Havis (comps.). Second Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) Conference; February 12-14, 2002, Fort Collins, CO. Proceedings RMRS-P-25. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 208 pp.
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Robinson, D.C.E., B.W. Geils and J.A. Muir. 2002. Spatial statistical model for the spread and intensification of dwarf mistletoe within and between stands . pp.178-185. In: N.L Crookston, and R.N. Havis (comps.). Second Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) Conference; February 12-14, 2002, Fort Collins, CO. Proceedings RMRS-P-25. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 208 pp.
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Beukema, S.J. and C.B. Pinkham. 2001. Vegetation pathway diagrams for the Morice and Lakes Innovative Forest Practices Agreement . Report IFPA No 451.01. 76 pp.
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Hann, W.J. and D.L. Bunnell. 2001. Fire and land management planning and implementation across multiple scales. International Journal of Wildland Fire 10:389-403.
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Arbaugh, M.J., S. Schilling, J. Merzenich and J.W. van Wagtendon. 2000. A test of the strategic fuels management model VDDT using historical data from Yosemite National Park . In: L.F. Neuenschwander and K.C. Ryan (tech. eds.). Proc. Joint Fire Sci. Conf. and Workshop, Vol II. Univ Idaho and Int. Assoc. Wildland Fire. pp. 85-89.
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Beukema, S.J. 2000. TELSA: A strategic planning tool for ecosystem management . 2000 ESRI International User Conference.
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Klenner, W., W. Kurz and S.J. Beukema. 2000. Modeling reference conditions to restore altered fire regimes in oak-hickory-pine forests: validating coarse models with local fire history data. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 27: 243-262.
[PDF - 337 kb]

Kurz, W.A., S.J. Beukema, W. Klenner, J.A. Greenough, D.C.E. Robinson, A.D. Sharpe and T.M. Webb. 2000. Modeling reference conditions to restore altered fire regimes in oak-hickory-pine forests: validating coarse models with local fire history data. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 27: 227-242.
[PDF - 541 kb]

Weise, D.R., R. Kimberlin, M. Arbaugh, J. Chew, G. Jones, J. Merzenich, J.W. van Wagtendonk and M. Wiitala. 2000. A risk-based comparison of potential fuel treatment trade-off models . In: L.F. Neuenschwander and K.C. Ryan (tech. eds.). Proc. Joint Fire Sci. Conf. and Workshop, Vol II. Univ. Idaho and Int. Assoc. Wildland Fire. pp. 96-102.
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Apps, M.J., W.A. Kurz, S.J. Beukema and J.S. Bhatti. 1999. Carbon budget of the Canadian forest product sector. In: Environmental Science & Policy 2 (1999) pp. 25-41.

Kurz, W.A. and M.J. Apps. 1999. A 70-year retrospective analysis of carbon fluxes in the Canadian Forest Sector. In: Ecological Applications 9(2) (1999) pp. 526-547.

Kurz, W., S. Beukema, J. Merzenich, M. Arbaugh, and S. Schilling. 1999. Long-range modelling of stochastic disturbances and management treatments using VDDT and TELSA. Paper presented at Society of American Foresters National Convention, September 14, 1999, Portland, OR.

Merzenich, J., W.A. Kurz, S.J. Beukema, M. Arbaugh and S. Schilling. 1999. Long-range modelling of stochastic disturbances and management treatments using VDDT and TELSA. Proceedings: Society of American Foresters National Convention: Landscape Analysis Session. Portland, Oregon. Sep 14, 1999.

Beukema, S.J. and W.A. Kurz. 1998. Chapter 2: How to use the Western Root Disease Model, Version 3.0. pp. 11-86. In: Frankel, S.J. (ed.). User’s Guide to the Western Root Disease Model, Version 3.0. General Tech. Rept. PSW-GTR-165. Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, United States Dept. of Agriculture, Albany, CA. 164 pp.
[PDF - off site]
TOC www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/gtr-165/gtr-165-cover.pdf
Content www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/gtr-165/gtr-165-content.pdf

Beukema, S.J., W.A. Kurz and S. Greenough. 1998. Chapter 4: Detailed model description. pp. 99-128. In: Frankel, S.J. (ed.). User’s Guide to the Western Root Disease Model, Version 3.0. General Tech. Rept. PSW-GTR-165. Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, United States Dept. of Agriculture, Albany, CA. 164 pp.
[PDF - off site]
TOC www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/gtr-165/gtr-165-cover.pdf
Content www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/gtr-165/gtr-165-content.pdf

Beukema, S.J., W.A. Kurz and J. McLaughlin. 1998. Chapter 6: Root disease and the Western Root Disease Model in British Columbia. pp. 139-145. In: Frankel, S.J. (ed.). User’s Guide to the Western Root Disease Model, Version 3.0. General Tech. Rept. PSW-GTR-165. Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, United States Dept. of Agriculture, Albany, CA. 164 pp.
[PDF - off site]
TOC www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/gtr-165/gtr-165-cover.pdf
Content www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/gtr-165/gtr-165-content.pdf

Kurz, W.A., S.J. Beukema, and M.J. Apps. 1998. Carbon budget implications of the transition from natural to managed disturbance regimes in forest ecosystems. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 2: 405-421.

Price, D.T., M.J Apps, and W.A. Kurz. 1998. Past and future carbon dynamics of Canada’s forestry sector. In: G.H. Kohlmaier, M. Weber and R.A. Houghton (eds.) Carbon Dioxide Mitigation in Forestry and Wood Industry. Springer-Verlag. pp. 63-88.

Beukema, S.J., J.A. Greenough, D.C.E. Robinson, W.A. Kurz, E.D. Reinhardt, N.L. Crookston, and A.R. Stage. 1997. An introduction to the fire and fuel effects extension to FVS. pp. 191-195. In: R. Teck, M. Moeur, and J. Adams (eds.). Proceedings: Forest Vegetation Simulator Conference. 1997 February 3-7, Fort Collins, CO. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-373. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 222 pp.
[PDF - 737 kb]

Beukema, S.J., J.A. Greenough, D.C.E. Robinson, W.A. Kurz, E.L. Smith, and B.B. Eav. 1997. The westwide pine beetle model: a spatially-explicit contagion model. pp. 126-130. In: R. Teck, M. Moeur, and J. Adams (eds.). Proceedings: Forest Vegetation Simulator Conference. 1997 February 3-7, Fort Collins, CO. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-373. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 222 pp.
[PDF - 1.6 mb]

Greenough, J.A., M.J. Apps, and W.A. Kurz. 1997. Influence of methodology and assumptions on reported national carbon flux inventories: An Illustration from the Canadian Forest Sector. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 2:267-283.

Klenner, W., W.A. Kurz and T.M. Webb. 1997. Projecting the Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Forest Ecosystem Characteristics, Proceedings GIS 97, GIS World Inc., Ft. Collins, CO. pp. 418 – 421.

Price, D.T., D.H. Halliwell, M.J. Apps, W.A. Kurz, and S.R. Curry. 1997. Comprehensive assessment of carbon stocks and fluxes in a Boreal-Cordilleran forest management unit. Can. J. For. Res. 27: 2005-2016.
[PDF - 151 kb]

Robinson, D.C.E., W.A. Kurz, J.C. Pollack, and I. Listar. 1997. Exploring partial harvesting options in the Nelson Forest Region, British Columbia. pp. 206-212. In: R. Teck, M. Moeur, and J. Adams (eds.). Proceedings: Forest Vegetation Simulator Conference. 1997 February 3-7, Fort Collins, CO. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-373. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 222 pp.
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Kurz, W.A. and Apps, M.J. 1996. Retrospective assessment of carbon flows in Canadian boreal forests. In: M.J. Apps and D.T. Price (eds). Forest Ecosystems, Forest Management and the Global Carbon Cycle, NATO ASI Series 1: Global Environmental Change. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Vol. 40. pp. 173-182.

Kurz, W.A., M.J. Apps, P.G. Comeau, and J.A. Trofymow. 1996. The Carbon Budget of British Columbia’s Forests, 1920-1989: Preliminary Analysis and Recommendations for Refinements. Canada-British Columbia Partnership Agreement on Forest Resource Development: FRDA II. Joint publication of Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre and B.C. Ministry of Forests, Research Branch, Victoria, BC. FRDA Rept. 261. 62 pp.

Kurz, W.A., S.J. Beukema, and M.J. Aspps. 1996. Estimation of Root Biomass and Dynamics for the Carbon Budget Model of the Canadian Forest Sector. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26: 1973-1979.

Price, D.T., Mair, R.M., Kurz, W.A. and Apps, M.J. 1996. Effects of forest management, harvesting and wood processing on ecosystem carbon dynamics: a boreal case study. In: M.J. Apps and D.T. Price (eds). Forest Ecosystems, Forest Management and the Global Carbon Cycle, NATO ASI Series 1: Global Environmental Change. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Vol. 40. pp. 279-292.

Robinson, D.C.E., W.A. Kurz and J.C. Pollack. 1996. Exploring Partial Harvesting Options in the Nelson Forest Region using PROGNOSIS. AAC Mitigation Project, B.C. Ministry of Forests, Nelson, Technical Report MIT-002. 50 pp.

Hawksworth, F.G., J.C. Williams-Cipriani, B.B. Eav, B.G. Geils, R.R. Johnson, M.A. Marsden, J.S. Beatty, G.D. Shubert and D.C.E. Robinson. 1995. Dwarf Mistletoe Impact Modeling System: User’s Guide and Reference Manual. USDA Forest Service, Forest Pest Management, Methods Applications Group. Fort Collins, Colorado. Report MAG-95-2. 120 pp.
[PDF - off site]

Presentations

Frid, L., L. Provencher, E. York, G. Green and K. Bryan. 2008. Adapting LANDFIRE vegetation models for restoration planning. Poster presented at the Association for Fire Ecology Regional Conference, Tuscon, AZ, January 28-31, 2008.
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Hawkes, B.C., S.W. Taylor, C. Stockdale, T.L. Shore, S.J. Beukema and D.C.E. Robinson. 2005. Predicting mountain pine beetle impacts on lodgepole pine stands and woody debris characteristics in a mixed severity fire regime using Prognosis BC and the Fire and Fuels Extension . pp. 123-135. In: Lagene, L., J. Zelnik, S. Cadwallader and B. Hughes (eds.). Mixed Severity Fire Regimes: Ecology and Management. November 17-19, 2004, Spokane, Washington. Washington State University Coop Extension Service/The Association for Fire Ecology, Pullman, Washington, Vol. AFE MISC03.
[PDF - off site]

Robinson, D.C.E., G.W. Geils and J.A. Muir. 2002. A spatial statistical model for the spread of dwarf mistletoe within and between stands. PowerPoint Presentation by ESSA Technologies Ltd. at the Second Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) Conference; February 12-14, 2002, Fort Collins, CO.
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Reports

Robinson, D.C.E., S.J. Beukema and L.A. Greig. 2008. Vegetation models and climate change: workshop results. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., for Western Wildlands Threat Assessment Center, USDA Forest Service, Prineville, OR. 50 pp.
[PDF - 330 kb]

Beukema, S.J., D.C.E. Robinson and L.A. Greig. 2007. Forests, insects & pathogens and climate change: workshop report. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., for Western Wildlands Threat Assessment Center, USDA Forest Service, Prineville, OR. 39 pp.
[PDF - 615 kb]

ESSA Technologies Ltd. 2007. Development of a climate-driven Forest Vegetation Simulator: the Priest River Experimental Forest workshop results. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., for Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Moscow, ID and the Forest Management Service Center, USDA Forest Service, Fort Collins, CO. 14 pp.
[PDF - 364 kb]

ESSA Technologies Ltd. 2007. Vegetation Dynamics Development Tool User Guide, Version 6.0. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC. 196 pp.
[PDF - 3.5 mb]

Martin, B., D. Hanna, N. Korb and L. Frid. 2007. Decision Analysis of Alternative Invasive Weed Management Strategies for Three Montana Landscapes . Prepared by The Nature Conservancy of Montana, Helena, MT and ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC. 34 pp.
[PDF - 873 kb]

Murray, C.M. 2007. General Decision Process for Managing Invasive Plant Species in Garry Oak and Associated Ecosystems (GOEs) . Prepared for the Garry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team and The Nature Conservancy of Canada. 8 pp.
[PDF - off site]

Wilmshurst, J.F., R. Walton and L. Frid. 2007. TELSA model development 2005-2007: A report to Grasslands National Park of Canada May 25, 2007. Parks Canada Agency, Western & Northern Service Center, Winnipeg, MB. 49 pp.
[PDF - 12 mb]

Frid, L. 2006. Decision analysis to evaluate control strategies for crested wheatgrass in Grasslands National Park of Canada. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC for Parks Canada, Winnipeg, MB. 21 pp.
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Marmorek, D.R., D.C.E. Robinson, C. Murray and L. Greig. 2006. Enabling Adaptive Forest Management – Final Report. Prepared for the National Commission on Science for Sustainable Forestry by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC. 94 pp.
[PDF - 616 kb]

ESSA Technologies Ltd. 2005. TELSA – Tool for Exploratory Landscape Scenario Analyses: User’s Guide Version 3.3. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC. 236 pp.
[PDF - 4.2 mb]

ESSA Technologies Ltd. 2005. TELSA: Tool for Exploratory Landscape Scenario Analyses, Model Description, Version 3.3. Vancouver, BC. 50 pp.
[PDF - 511 kb]

Beukema, S.J. and D.C.E. Robinson. 2004. Modelling Mountain Pine Beetle in the Chilcotin using the Westwide Pine Beetle Model. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC for the Canadian Forest Service, Victoria, BC. 21 pp.
[PDF - 474 kb]

Murray, C. and R.K. Jones. 2002. Adaptive Management Strategy for the Decision Support Tool to Address Invasive Species in Garry Oak and Associated Ecosystems . Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd. and R. Keith Jones & Associates, Victoria, B.C. for the GOERT Invasive Species Steering Committee, Victoria. 8 pp.
[PDF - off site]

Robinson, D.C.E., G.D. Sutherland and W.A. Kurz. 2000. Simulating the effects of dwarf mistletoe in coastal western hemlock stands. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC for BC Ministry of Forests, Victoria, BC. 44 pp.
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Greenough, J.A., D.C.E. Robinson, S.J. Beukema, and W.A. Kurz. 1999. Prognosis Environmental Indicators Model Description. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC. 66 pp.

Greenough, J.A., D.C.E. Robinson, S.J. Beukema and W.A. Kurz. 1999. Prognosis Environmental Indicators Model: WADF Case Study Methodology. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC. 24 pp.

Greenough, J.A., D.C.E. Robinson, W.A. Kurz and S.J. Beukema. 1999. Prognosis Environmental Indicators Model: WADF Case Study. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC. 90 pp.

Greenough, J.A., D.C.E. Robinson, W.A. Kurz, S.J. Beukema, N. Densmore, R. Winter, and B. Snowdon. 1999. Use of the Prognosis EI Model in Balancing Timber and Environmental Values at the Watershed-level. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, B.C. for the British Columbia Ministry of Forests. 30 pp.
[PDF - 3.37 mb]

Kurz, W.A. 1999. Assessing options for measurement of verifiable changes in carbon stocks from reforestation, afforestation, and deforestation and other potential forestry activities. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, B.C. for National Sinks Issues Table, Environment Canada, Hull, PQ. 42 pp.
[PDF - 312 kb]

Kurz, W.A., S.J. Beukema and D.C.E. Robinson. 1999. Simulating root disease impacts in selected ecosystems in the Kamloops and Nelson Forest regions. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC for Forest Health Unit, Forest Site Management Section, Forest Practices Branch, BC Ministry of Forests, Victoria, BC. 56 pp.
[PDF - 4.3 mb]

Robinson, D.C.E. 1999. An Assessment of the Value of Landsat Imagery for the Most Similar Neighbour Procedure: West Arm Demonstration Forest Case Study. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, B.C. for the British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. 13 pp.
[PDF - 418kb]

Robinson, D.C.E., W.A. Kurz, and C. Pinkham. 1999. Estimating the carbon losses from deforestation in Canada. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, B.C. for National
Climate Change Secretariat, Ottawa, Ontario. 81 pp.
[PDF - 734 kb]

Robinson, D.C.E. and W.A. Kurz. 1998. Analysis of the Prognosis Regeneration Establishment Model Behaviour with BC Regeneration Data . Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC for the BC Ministry of Forests, Victoria, BC. 42 pp.
[PDF - off site]

Beukema, S.J., and W.A. Kurz. 1994. The Westwide Pine Beetle model user’s guide. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, B.C. for USDA Forest Service, FPM/MAG, Fort Collins, CO. 47 pp.

Beukema, S.J., and D.C. Robinson. 1994. Reference guide for Westwide Pine Beetle model keywords. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, B.C. for USDA Forest Service, FPM/MAG, Fort Collins, CO. 39 pp.

Beukema, S.J., D.C. Robinson, J.A. Greenough, P.J. McNamee, and W.A. Kurz. 1994. Westwide pine beetle model: detailed description: Final report prepared for U.S. Forest Service, Forest Pest Management – Methods Application Group, Fort Collins, CO. 92 pp. and appendices.